The Moon rises as the Metro crosses the Potomac River in Washington on July 16, 2019, 50 years after the launch of astronauts Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin on Apollo 11, the first mission to land astronauts on the Moon. . Credit: NASA / Bill Ingles

The next full moon is Strawberry, Myrtle, Honey, Rose, Flower Tree, Warm, Scorpion or Planting Moon, VAT Purnima, Poson Poyan, LRO The Moon և marginal supermin.

The next full moon will be on Thursday afternoon, June 24, 2021, and will appear in front of the Sun along the Earth-based longitude at 2:40 p.m. Whether it will be Thursday for most of the Earth, from India Standard Time East to the Broad Islands և International Agenda, this will be Friday morning. During this time, the full moon will appear for about three days, from early Wednesday morning to early Saturday morning.

One moon, many names

In the 1930s, Maine Farmer’s Almanac began publishing Native American names for the full moon of the year. According to this German treatise, the Algonquin tribes in what is now the northeastern United States called it the Strawberry Moon. The name comes from a relatively short season to harvest strawberries in the northeastern United States.

The old European name for this full moon is Mead Moon or Honey Moon. Mead is a drink made from the fermentation of honey with water, sometimes with fruits, spices, grains or hops. In some countries the meadow is called honey wine (although in other countries honey wine is different). Some writings suggest that the end of June was the time when honey was ready to be harvested, which made it the “sweetest” moon.

The word “honeymoon” comes from at least 1,500 people in Europe. The tradition of calling the first month of marriage “honeymoon” may be related to this full moon, the custom of getting married in June, or because “honeymoon” is the “sweetest” moon of the year.

Another European name for this full moon is Rose Moon. Some sources say that the name “Rose Moon” comes from roses that bloom at this time of year. Others say the name comes from the color of the full moon at this time of year.

The Moon’s orbit around the Earth is almost the same as the Earth’s orbit around the Sun (only about 5 degrees). During the summer solstice, Ar is the highest in the sky during the year. The full moons are in front of the Sun, so near the summer solstice the full moon will be low in the sky. Especially in the higher latitudes of Europe, when the full moon is low, it glows brighter in the atmosphere, which makes it more likely to have a reddish color (for the same reasons that sunrises and sunsets are red). For the Washington area, on the morning of June 25, 2021, the full moon will reach its peak at 1 p.m. At 39, only 24.6 degrees south of the horizon, the lowest full moon of the year.

Other seasonal names for this full moon that I have found in various sources (sometimes European, sometimes Native American, which I have not yet been able to verify), Moon.

For Hindus, this full moon corresponds to Vat Purnima. During the three days of this full moon, married women will show their love for their husbands by solemnly tying a string around a banana tree. The celebration is based on the legend of Savitri և Satyavan.

For Buddhists, this full moon is Pose Poya. Poseidon holiday in Sri Lanka marks the introduction of Buddhism in BC. In the year 236.

Another tribe also named this full moon. This tribe is now dispersed but lives mainly in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. The language of this breed is primarily English, but with a loosening of abbreviations, scientific-engineering terms, and Hawaiian expressions (happily promoted by Deputy Program Manager). Of all the tribes, many of whom continued to join other races, this tribe was dedicated to the study of the Moon. This race names the June Full Moon the LRO Moon, in honor of the spacecraft they launched to the Moon on June 18, 2009. The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter is still orbiting the Moon, giving us an idea of ​​our nearest planet, some of which help us understand our own planet.

Super or not so super?

Slightly different thresholds are used in different publications to determine when the full moon is so close to Earth that it can be described as a supermoon. Some publications for 2021 consider this full moon to be one of the four supermoons (March to June). Other publications do not consider this to be the supermoon, as it is farther away from Earth (և slightly smaller և from the outside) than the previous three full moons.

Full moons, new moons և calendars

In many lunar solar calendars, the full moon falls in the middle of the lunar month. This full moon is in the middle of the fifth month of the Chinese calendar, and Tammuz is in the Hebrew calendar. In the Islamic calendar, the months begin with the first appearance of the rising crescent, shortly after the new moon. This full moon is near the middle of Dhu al-Qadha.

As always, wearing the proper festive heavenly attire is encouraged in honor of the full moon.

The lunar supermoon

Loan by NASA / el Kovsky

The term “supermoon” was coined by astronomer Richard Knoll in 1979 to refer to either the new moon or the full moon, which occurs when the Moon is within 90% of the perigee, which is closest to Earth.

Supermoones have become popular in the last few decades. Depending on how you interpret this definition, there may be 2 to 4 full supermoons in a row սովորական 2 to 4 new supermoons in a year.

Because we can not see the new moon (except when it eclipses the Sun), full superminis attract public attention, as it is when the full moon appears at its largest և brightest each year.

Slightly different thresholds are used in different publications to determine when the full moon is so close to Earth that it can be described as a supermoon.

Some publications for 2021 consider the four full moons from March to June to be the three full moons from April to June, and some consider only the two full moons in April-May to be supermoones.

The full moons in April-May were almost tied as the closest full moons of the year. On May 26, 2021, the full moon was slightly closer to Earth than the full moon on April 26, 2021, but only by a thin 0.04%.

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